Best Oncologist Doctors
Find the best Oncologist in Kanpur and book confirmed appointments with Easy Token.
The term oncology literally means a branch of science that deals with tumours and cancers. The word “onco” means bulk, mass, or tumor while “-logy” means study.
What is cancer ?
Each of the cells of the body have a tightly regulated system that controls their growth, maturity, reproduction and eventual death. Cancer begins when cells in a part of the body start to grow out of control. There are many kinds of cancer, but they all start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells.
What is an oncologist ?
An oncologist is a healthcare provider who specializes in diagnosing and treating cancer. Oncologists manage your cancer treatment throughout your illness. They’ll:
Are there different types of oncologists ?Cancer is a multifaceted illness, which is why there are several different types of oncologists. Some oncologists specialize in certain treatments. Other oncologists specialize in certain kinds of cancer. Here are some examples of the different types of oncologists:
- Help diagnose your cancer.
- Identify treatment options and discuss each option’s benefits and side effects.
- Oversee your treatment.
- Manage your post-treatment care.
- Surgical oncologists : If your biopsy shows cancer cells, this is the healthcare provider who does the surgery to remove cancer that hasn’t spread. They remove your tumor and surrounding tissues. They help you prepare for and recover from your surgery.
- Medical oncologists : These healthcare providers treat cancer using chemotherapy, hormonal therapies, immunotherapy and other targeted treatments. People often think of the medical oncologist as their primary cancer doctor. Most medical oncologists also specialize in hematology.
- Radiation oncologists : These healthcare providers use radiation therapy that’s tailored to your specific cancer.
- Gynecologic oncologists : These oncologists treat gynecologic cancer such as cervical cancer, cancer of the uterus and ovarian cancer.
- Pediatric oncologists : These oncologists treat cancers that are more common in children than in adults, such as childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Ewing sarcoma and childhood brain tumors.
- Neurological oncologist : These oncologists treat people who have brain tumors and cancer that affects the nervous system.
What are the reasons I might need to see an oncologist ?
Different cancers affect your body in different ways. Generally speaking, you might see an oncologist if you talk to your primary care physician about a change in your body and they recommend you have some preliminary tests. You likely will be referred to an oncologist if your tests indicate you have cancer.
Does seeing an oncologist mean I have cancer ?
No, seeing an oncologist doesn’t mean you have cancer. You’re seeing an oncologist because you have symptoms that might be cancer. Your visit to an oncologist is an opportunity for you to talk to a specialist about your symptoms. Your oncologist might order tests to learn more about your symptoms.
What Does an Oncologist Do ?
Oncology is the study of cancer. Oncologists specialize in managing and treating patients throughout the course of the disease, which involves:
- Confirming a patient’s initial diagnosis
- Explaining the cancer diagnosis and stage
- Providing all possible treatment plans and offering recommendations
- Overseeing the course of treatment
- Helping patients manage symptoms and side effects of both the disease and the treatment plan
Oncologists typically have a specialty within the field, so they often expand a patient’s team to include the right doctors for a chosen treatment plan.
- Hematology oncologists are board-certified to practice hematology as well, treating patients with blood conditions including:
- Anemia, a condition that results from a shortage of red blood cells
- Sickle cell disease, an inherited blood disorder that can affect circulation
- Different types of thrombosis, which occur when blood clots block blood vessels
Reasons to See an OncologistYour general practitioner or family doctor may refer you to an oncologist if they want the opinion of an expert in a specific field or can’t determine a cancer diagnosis. This intent is to narrow down—and rule out—potential causes of an issue so that you get the best course of treatment possible.
- Surgical and radiation oncologists are for assistance in diagnosis and treatment when surgery or radiation therapy is needed. Medical oncology would always be involved.
- Other oncology specialists focus on treating cancer in specific areas of the body. For example, gynecologic oncologists treat uterine, ovarian, and cervical cancers, while a hematologist-oncologist focuses on blood cancers. There are also pediatric oncologists who specialize in cancers common in children and teenagers.
Your doctor might refer to you an oncologist to :
Test an Unusual Growth or Lump
Doctor’s offices aren’t usually equipped to diagnose a cancerous tumor, so they’ll refer you to an oncologist for further testing. Most suspected tumors are benign, or harmless, but this referral helps the doctor:
Provide Cancer TreatmentIf you have a confirmed cancer diagnosis, you’ll be referred to an oncologist who will review your case individually, explain all of your treatment options, and offer their recommendation.
- Ensure your peace of mind with a negative test
- Rule out cancer as a cause of any symptoms you’re experiencing
- Catch a potentially malignant, or harmful, tumor in its early stages—when treatment options are most successful
- Direct the best possible care in the event of a positive test result
Depending on the cancer, its stage, and any potential health complications, this plan could include :
Get a Second OpinionCancer is a complex disease, and its treatments continue to evolve. Asking for another oncologist’s evaluation is common practice, especially that of an expert in a specific cancer or body part.
- Radiation to slow a tumor’s growth without damaging healthy tissue
- Surgery to physically remove a tumor
- Targeted therapy to limit a tumor’s spread to other areas of your body
- Chemotherapy treatment that destroys cancer cells
This second opinion can help to :
- Confirm a diagnosis with a specialist
- Learn additional details about a cancer’s type and stage
- Explore more treatment options
- Understand how the cancer affects other parts of your body
- Find clinical trials available for you
Diagnose and Treat Blood Disorders
Many oncologists also specialize in hematology—the study and treatment of diseases related to the blood.
Your doctor may refer you to a hematology-certified oncologist for treatment if you have :
- Symptoms of anemia, like brittle nails, a swollen tongue, an enlarged spleen, heart problems, or fatigue
- Symptoms of sickle cell disease, like frequent infections, swollen hands and feet, vision problems, or severe episodes of pain
- Symptoms of thrombosis, like swelling, pain, discoloration, or warmth in the affected area
Hematology oncologists also treat patients with clotting disorders like hemophilia, von Willebrand disease, and Thalassemia as well as cancers of the blood like lymphoma and leukemia.
What to Expect at the Oncologist
- Your first visit to an oncologist is a consultation. Ultimately, the doctor’s goal is to identify—or rule out—if and where cancer is present, establish an accurate diagnosis, and provide you with the best resources to overcome your condition.
- During this initial appointment, the oncologist will perform a thorough physical examination and take the time to learn more about your medical and family history. Make sure to bring all of your available medical records, including a list of any medications or supplements you take.
- The oncologist will also review any scans and tests you’ve already had, and if necessary, perform additional tests. This generally starts with the oncologist examining your blood, urine, and other bodily fluids for high or low levels of certain substances that could be signs of cancer or blood disorders. They may also run visual imaging tests like CT scans, MRIs, PET scans, or ultrasound exams.
- If cancer is suspected, oncologists usually need to perform a biopsy to confirm test results.
- Depending on the area in question, there are different biopsy methods to retrieve a small tissue sample. The oncologist’s team—which includes a pathologist—then studies the sample to see if it contains cancer cells.
If your oncologist confirms a cancer or blood disorder diagnosis, their next steps are to :
- Inform you of all treatment options and offer their recommendations
- Discuss fears and anxieties you may have
- Put together the right team of specialists to deliver a comprehensive treatment plan
- Offer an early prognosis, or basic prediction of your recovery timeline
Oncologists will also answer any questions you have, which could include :
- Where and when to get a second opinion
- How the treatment will affect your fertility
- If you’re a good candidate for a clinical trial
- What resources are available, like support groups
- What side effects to expect from your treatment plan
- Your treatment plan’s goals and success rates